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Фунтофилия - коллекционирование гирь


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(189) ГИРИ МЕСОПОТАМИИ, ВАВИЛОНА, АССИРИИ, ХЕТТСКОГО ЦАРСТВА
ВИСМ
funtofil
The weights of Mesopotamia, Babylon, Assyria.


Гиря из камня.(1) Иран. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.



Гиря из камня.(2) Иран. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.

Intercultural Style Chlorite lock-shaped weight - LO.624 W
Origin: Mesopotamia
Circa: 3000 BC to 2000 BC
Collection: Near Eastern
Medium: Chlorite.
Chlorite is a distinctive gray-green stone that was utilized during antiquity for the fabrication of luxurious containers and ceremonial weights in the greater Gulf region as well as southern Iran. Excavations at the archeological site of Tepe Yaya, dated to the mid-third millennium B.C., in Iran unearthed the ruins of workshops where such vessels were discovered. As well, raw materials used for their manufacture, chlorite as well as steatite, quarried from the nearby hills were also present. On the island of Tarut, in the Gulf close to the Arabian coast, over six hundred complete and fragmentary vessels and weights have been unearthed. Because many partially formed objects found on Tarut were discovered next to chunks of unworked chlorite, it has been surmised that this island was once a center of production for these works.

Found throughout the ancient Near East, from Syria to the Indus Valley, revealing the extensive trade routes of the time, these works are classified by modern historians as belonging to the “Intercultural Style,” called so because they derive iconographical elements from both Near Eastern and Harappan traditions. Much like the written cuneiform alphabet was used by several distinct cultures throughout the ancient Near East to dictate their individual spoken languages, so chlorite works were created by various cultures, each adorning the piece with their own distinct aesthetic style. Many examples were discovered in the ruins of palace and temple structures or entombed in the graves of the nobility, including Sumerian Mesopotamia. Clearly these vessels and weights were among the most precious luxury items that could only be afforded by the ruling elite.

This type of stone sculpture is commonly referred to as a “lock” due to its form. Carved from a large slab of stone, with sculpted images rendered in low relief decorating both sides, this work probably originally functioned as some sort of ceremonial weight. On one side of the weight, a mythological scene has been carved depicting a central figure with the upper torso of a man and the legs of a bull or horse. In his hands, he holds the tails of two spotted panthers that flank him on either side. He pulls their hind quarters in the air as they stand on their front legs looking up towards him. Their mysterious composite creature is cleary in control of these powerful felines, thereby earning the label, “Master of the Beasts” which is applied to this theme.

Such iconography seems to originate in eastern Iran and Central Asia, where the theme of man dominating over the animals appeared to be quite popular. Two scorpions frame this grouping, placed underneath the join of the handel to the body of the lock. According to some scholars, the wild beasts represent chaos and are contrasted to the humans, who display control over nature and the promise of fertility. At one time, the spots of the cats and the figure’s eyes would have been filled with inlaid shell or bone highlights.Perhaps these scenes are related to the epic legend of Gilgamesh. Surely the scenes carved onto this “lock” had tremendous religious significance. Might they depict a mythological battle between the gods and the animals?

(Source: barakatgallery, via lulian)


Гиря из камня.(3) Иран. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Гиря из камня.(4) Иран. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Гиря из камня.(5) Иран. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Гиря из камня.(6) Иран. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Гири в форме утки из камня. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Гиря в форме утки из камня. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Weighing Ducks in Mesopotamia


Гиря в форме утки из камня. Шумеры. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


Гири в форме утки из камня. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.



Assyrian, circa 800 BC DUCK WEIGHT
Estimation 4,000 — 6,000 GBP




Гиря в форме утки из бронзы. Месопотамия. Фото из Инета.


A Duck Weight Bronze, 5 x 7.5 x 3.0 cm Mesopotamia, first millennium BC


A MESOPOTAMIAN DARK STONE DUCK WEIGHT CIRCA LATE 2ND-EARLY 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C.
Price realised
USD 5,000



Гиря из агата, около 1700 г. до Н.Э. Месопотамия.
Аgate weight in form of a trussed duck. Circa 1700 B.C., Mesopotamia.


Black stone duck weight, c. 3000 BCE. The cuneiform inscription dedicates this weight to the god Nanna by the King of Ur and confirms a weight of five minas. A mina weighed about 0.6 kilgrams, or 18 ounces.


Фото из Инета.


Commercial figural weight of Babylon origin, 16th-18th century B.C. Measures 29 mm long x 14 mm high; carved from pink carnelian or chalcedon in the shape of a duck.


Гиря в форме лягушки.
Weight in shape of frog Period: Old Babylonian Date: ca. 2000–1600 B.C. Geography: Mesopotamia Culture: Babylonian


Гиря в форме льва. Эпоха Ахеменидов, 6-4 век до.н.э. Сузы, Акрополь. Музей Лувр.


Таблица разновесов в форме львов и уток.


Ассирийские гири, Месопотамия, Британский музей.


Ассирийские гири, Месопотамия, Британский музей.


WESTERN ASIATIC OLD BABYLONIAN DUCK WEIGHT PAIR
1900-1700 BC
A pair of carved haematite duck weights, each with flat underside and head resting on the back. 3.66 grams, 15-18mm (1/2 - 3/4")




Гиря 3 шекеля. Вавилон. Фото из Инета.


Хетський вагар

Одне з перших зображень коромислових ваг можна побачити на хетському барельєфі у Луврі.
Саму композицію археологи знайшли на території історичного міста Каркемиш, де сьогодні проходить кордон між Туреччиною та Сирією. Зображений чоловік в одній руці тримає ваги, а в іншій, мабуть, важки (гирьки). Знахідка датується першим тисячоліттям до нашої ери, і давнішими за неї є лише зображення єгипетських терезів у так званій «книзі мертвих» (збірці єгипетських релігійних текстів).
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