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Фунтофилия - коллекционирование гирь


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(253) Гири Византии. Weights of Byzantium.
гиря, весы
funtofil

Бронзовая гиря с инкрустацией серебром Христа и Марии. Фото из Инета.



Подвижная гиря "римских" весов. Кливлендский музей искусств.
Balance Weight formed as the Bust of an Empress, c. 390-400
Byzantium, Theodosian period, 4th century
bronze, Overall: 10.1 x 5.4 x 5.6 cm (3 15/16 x 2 1/8 x 2 3/16 in.). John L. Severance Fund 1967.28
http://www.clevelandart.org/art/1967.28?collection_search_query=weight&op=search&form_build_id=form-1EiBqHB3koMNst_f203lD339RR0U1YjRnCCd_PaTQKM&form_id=clevelandart_collection_search_form




Гири 3 Номизмы. Фото из Инета.


Гиря 18 номизм. Фото из Инета.


Гиря 10.2 гр. [К6-1]


One-ounce weight with inlaid cross and inscriptions naming Saint Theodoros and invoking the "Grace of God", 5th – 6th century



THREE BYZANTINE BRONZE WEIGHTS
BYZANTINE, 4TH-6TH CENTURY A.D.
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Group of three Byzantine bronze square-shaped weights, from left to right, i) three uncia, the face silver inlaid with the letters for Gamma, flanked by a central cross, enclosed in a circle, three corners with letters for Theta Omega Mi, perhaps indicating ownership; ii) three uncia, the face engraved with the letters for Gamma, flanked by a central cross, enclosed in a wreath; iii) one uncia, the face engraved with the letters for Gamma and Alpha, flanked by a central cross.
Height: 1 2/5" (3.5cm)
Provenance:
Formerly in the collection of Seward Kennedy (1925-2015), New York and London, 1971 or prior. Born in Massachusetts, an MIT and NYU School of Law graduate. During his decades as a lawyer for Mobil Corp., Mr. Kennedy traveled extensively in Egypt, Cyprus, Turkey and Greece. He developed a strong interest in ancient civilizations and collected small-scale artifacts.
Подробнее - https://medusa-art.com/three-byzantine-bronze-weights.html


Гиря 2 Номизмы. Фото из Инета.


Гиря из горного хрусталя.
8th-10th century AD. A carved rock crystal weight with gussetted sides, domed upper face with central socket and incised running zigzag; old collector's label '87.269' to the underside. 25 grams, 29mm (1 1/4"). From the collection of a Mayfair, London, UK, gentleman; acquired from a Mayfair gallery before 1999; inventory no.985.


Byzantine Domed Weight with Monogram
8th-10th century AD. A bronze weight, round in plan with conical body and domed cap, concave underside; incised circumferential lines, engraved monogram with pointillé detailing. See Weber, K. Byzantinische Münzgewichte: Materialkorpus für 1-Nomisma-Gewichte, Schwelm, 2009 for discussion. 54 grams, 21mm (3/4"). From an important European collection, Munich, Germany; formed in the 1970s.


Гиря


Гиря 12 Унций.


Гиря 1 унция. Фото из Инета.


BYZANTINE FIGURAL WEIGHT WITH SAINTS
7th-10th century AD
A bronze weight inlaid in silver with the bust of two saints with cross above and two Greek gamma letters beneath. 106 grams, 37mm (1 1/2"). Fine condition.


BYZANTINE INSCRIBED WEIGHT
7th-10th century AD
An octagonal bronze weight with laurel wreath around the border, inlaid with silver cross and ΛΟΝ I below. 110 grams, 35mm (1 1/2"). Fine condition.


BYZANTINE INLAID WEIGHT
8th-12th century AD
A bronze weight with flat surface and tapering sides, inlaid with a cross, below Greek letters Ν Γ. 127 grams, 42mm (1 1/2"). Very fine condition, cleaned and conserved.


BYZANTINE INSCRIBED WEIGHT
7th-10th century AD
An octagonal bronze weight inlaid with silver cross with Greek gamma sign to either side. 35 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). Fine condition.


BYZANTINE WEIGHT WITH CHI-RHO
5th-8th century AD
A flat-section green glass discoid weight with impressed Christogram to one face. 0.86 grams, 15mm (1/2"). Fine condition, chipped. Rare. [No Reserve]






BYZANTINE POLYHEDRAL WEIGHT GROUP
8th-10th century AD
A pair of bronze polyhedral weights with stamped decoration of a ring-and-dot motif and a bar with three pellets. 30 grams total, 13mm (1/2"). Very fine condition. [2]


Гиря 2 унции. Фото из Инета.


Гиря. Фото из Инета.


Византийские гири. Британский музей.


Гиря в форме сфинкса. Фото из Инета.


Экзагий для монеты 1 номизма. Бронза. Вес - 3.97 гр.


Гиря 1/2 номизмы. Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Byzantine, AD 6th–7th centuries; 1 uncia; Bronze, D. 26 mm, W. 27.00 gr.; Inv. no. İstanbul Archaeology Museums 71.84.


BYZANTINE INSCRIBED HEXAGONAL WEIGHT
8th-12th century AD
A substantial bronze-cased weight with discoid base, six angled facets to the sidewall, flat hexagonal top; circle of punched pellets enclosing an expanding-arm cross and 'NΓ' with pellets and baseline. 223 grams, 48mm (2"). Very fine condition.


Three ounce spherical commercial weight, engraved with ΟΥ(ΓΓΙΑ) Γ (3)inlaid with silver.
Bronze. 2,1 x 2,6 cm. 82,25 g.
3th-6th century A.D. Rome or Byzantium.
Intact. Brown patina.
OY is an abbreviation for ΟΥΝΓΓΙΑ (UNCIA).


BYZANTINE INLAID WEIGHT
8th-12th century AD
A drum shaped bronze weight inlaid with reversed Berkana and Othila rune, half moon at the top and bottom. 60 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition, cleaned and conserved


. A FINE BYZANTINE BRONZE 6 SOLIDI WEIGHT, 6th-7th century AD. The square weight finely engraved with NS and a cross within a wreath. 6x23x23mm. Nice example. An early engraving of a Christian cross!



Made of stone, lead, glass, and above all bronze, the standard weights were used to weigh goods for sale and coins. In the icon: Imperial standard weight of bronze inlaid with silver, with a representation of the emperors Justin I and Justinian I. 6th c. Imperial standard weights were used to verify the weight of gold coins (solidi).
6th century.


Фото из Инета


Фото из Инета


Фото из Инета


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Фото из Инета.


Гиря кубической формы. Фото из Инета.


BYZANTINE. 5th-6th centuries AD. Æ 3 Uncia weight (41mm, 81.10 g). Cross above Γ Γ; all within wreath border / Concentric circles. Grooved edge. Bendall 116; Geneva 262. VF, green patina.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Æ 3 Uncia weight (33mm, 78.60 g). Cross above Γ Γ / Blank. Bendall –; Geneva 36; Hendin 375. Good Fine, dark green patina.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Æ 3 Uncia weight (33mm, 75.60 g). Cross above Γ Γ; grape bunches to upper left and right / Blank. Bendall –; Geneva –. Near VF, brown surfaces, light roughness, possibly water wear.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Æ 12 Nomismata weight(?) (38mm, 51.93 g). Crudely incised hexagram within concentric circles / Concentric circles. Edge grooved. Bendall –; Geneva –; Hendin –. VF, green patina, numerous light scratches, surface crack.

From the J. S. Wagner Collection.

An unusual piece as it does nott carry an explicit denominational marking. One might question if this was intended as a weight at all, however the overall form matches contemporary weights (save for the hexagram) and the weight of approximately 52 grams conforms to a 12 nomismata weight.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Lot of three (3) bronze circular weights. 1. 12 Nomismata weight (34mm, 51.40g). Cf. Bendall 134; 2. 1 Ounce weight. (27mm, 25.97g). Bendall 124; 3. 1 Ounce weight (24mm, 21.49). Cf. Bendall 125. Near VF, roughness.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Lot of four (4) bronze weights. Miscellaneous weights, each with denominational marking. Diameters from 12 to 23mm. VF.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Glass 20 Siliquae weight (26mm, 3.80 g). Facing bust of emperor above monogram for ANΔPONIKOY (= of Andronicus) / Blank. Monneret de Villard p. 100, 2a var. (8 siliquae weight); Bendall 192. VF, yellow hue, damage in upper left hand of face.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Glass 19 Siliquae weight (24mm, 3.52 g). Three facing imperial busts; crosses flanking uppermost bust, cruciform monogram for ΘЄOΔOTOY (= of Theodotos) between two lower busts / Blank. Monneret de Villard p. 101, 3c; Bendall –. Near VF, deep purple hue with iridescence, roughness.



BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Glass 11 Siliquae weight (18mm, 1.94 g). Monogram for ANΔPEOY (= of Andreas) / Blank. Monneret de Villard p. 104, 38b; Bendall –; Münz Zentrum XLIX, lot 5163 var. (same monogram, but 9 siliquae weight). VF, pale yellow hue.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Glass 11 Siliquae weight (18mm, 2.04 g). Monogram for an uncertain name / Blank. Monneret de Villard –; Bendall –. VF, bluish-purple hue, earthen deposits.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Glass 8 Siliquae weight (18mm, 1.55 g). Monogram for ANΔPONIKOY (= of Andronicus) / Blank. Monneret de Villard –; Bendall –; Münz Zentrum XLIX, lot 5164. VF, bluish-green hue.


BYZANTINE. 5th-7th centuries AD. Lot of four (4) glass weights. Miscellaneous weights, including three eparch weights and one with monogram with wreath. Fine to Near VF, one broken and repaired.






Фото из Инета.


Byzantine AE weight, B with tree dots (3 scripulum)


Byzantine AE weight, 1 Nomisma, dotted N and dotted cross right up and dotted rosette left down


Byzantine AE weight, 1 Tremissis, Capital H with line border, 1,31 гр.


Byzantine AE weight, 3 Nomisma, Cross beetween N and Γ, and 4 circle, 12,33 гр.


Byzantine AE weight, N-S, over cross, 6 Numismata, 26,56 гр.


Byzantine coin (AE-Follis, 40 Nummia), prepared to weight, measuring wight, 1 Nomisma



Late Roman-Byzantine AE Spherical Barrel Weight
A-A on the top surface, "a libra or 72 solidus weight " by Mauseus, thank you Mauseus.
1 Roman Pound=Libra=0,32745kg,
Size: 34x41,5x41,5mm,
weight: 325g.


Late Roman-Byzantine AE Spherical Barrel Weight,
Late Roman-Byzantine AE Spherical Barrel Weight,
Signs of the top surface.
Size: 13,5x18x18mm,
weight: 25,25g.


Early Byzantine, 4th-6th century AD
26,39 g; 2,6×2,5 cm
Bronze
The letters “GA” indicating a value of 1 ounce are inlaid in silver. Above these is a six –petal rosette in the centre of which is set a Christogram, also inlaid in silver. The reverse is undecorated.
While the Byzantine weights system can be regarded as continuation of its Roman predecessor, changes were observed in the names of units.
The two dominant types of this period were coin-inspection and commodity weights. Since weights for coin-control were produced to monitor and control the weights made of precious metals, coin units also designated the names of commodity weights.
The key feature in the weights of the period was the inscription of the unit and its value on the weight in question.


Circa 4th-6th centuries. Uncertain (Bronze, inlaid with silver, 17x17x7mm, 19.03 g), a thick, square commercial weight, with a flat top and bottom, very slightly beveled, and flat edges (as MAH B3), unit of 3.80 g (?). Latin cross, engraved and inlaid with silver. Rev. Five circular punch marks, at each corner and in the center. No parallel found: Bendall -. MAH -. Tekin -. Clear and with smooth surfaces. About extremely fine.


Circa 4th-6th century. Weight of 3 Ounces or 18 Solidi (Brass, inlaid with silver, 33x33x7mm, 79.67 g 6), a thick, square coin-weight with a flat top and bottom, and a grooved edge (as MAH B6), ounce of 26.55 g and solidus of 4.42 g. Portico of three arches supported by columns, the center arch larger and curved, the two on the sides pointed; all designs engraved and inlaid with copper; within the left side arch, Γ°; and within the right arch, Γ; both inlaid with silver; within the central arch, Greek cross (inlaid with silver) and square monogram of Ioannou...; above the pointed arches to left and right, ΘΥ - ΧΑ (Θεου Χαρις = God's Grace). Rev. SOL / XΗII engraved, but with no signs of any inlay; all within shallow linear square. Cf. Bendall 63 (closely similar). Cf. Bendall 55 = MAH 26, and Bendall 66. A particularly attractive and well made weight. Slightly rough surfaces but clear, with a fine golden-brown patina. Nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Honorius, 393-423. Solidus weight or Exagium (Bronze, 16x15x2mm, 4.24 g 12), a square coin-weight, uncertain Western mint, perhaps Ravenna. DN HONORI / VS AVG Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Honorius to right; all within square dotted border. Rev. EXAGIVM / SOLIDI Moneta standing left, holding balance in her right hand and cornucopiae in her left; all within square dotted border. Bendall 5. CW 410. Very rare. A very interesting piece, with uncleaned surface deposits. Very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 4th-6th century. Weight of 1 libra or 72 solidi (Brass ('orichalcum'), inlaid with silver and copper, 51x51x13mm, 320.44 g), a thick, square coin-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), solidus of 4.45 g. Engraved on the top with inscription three lines, -Α / SOL / LXXII, within curved arch highlighted in silver; above to left and right, cross filled in silver; all within square frame of engraved lines enclosing a copper border. Rev. Plain. Bendall 152 var. An impressive and rare piece with gold-brown surfaces. Very fine or better.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 4th-6th centuries. Weight of 3 Ounces or 18 Solidi (Brass, inlaid with silver, 31x31x8mm, 73.47 g), a thick, square coin-weight with a flat top and bottom and a plain edge (as MAH B1), ounce of 24.49 g and solidus of 4.08 g. ― III / SOL / XΗII, inlaid with silver. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 156-157. With some incrustations and marks as found, and with much of the silver toned black. Very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Coin or Commercial Weight. 4th-5th centuries. Æ Half libra weight (48mm, 155.30 g). Temple on podium, with four "twisted" columns; two crosses along roofline, cross in pediment, NΓ between columns; all within double border with crosshatch pattern / Blank. VF, green patina, considerable silver inlay remaining. The weight and size is consistent with a half libra / 6 ounce / 36 nomismata weight, but "NI" would mark the weight as 10 nomismata (theoretical weight of 45g). Estimate: 500 USD...


Circa 4th-6th centuries. Weight of 3 Solidi or 1/2 Ounce (Bronze, 18x17x4mm, 12.86 g), a square coin-weight with a flat top and bottom, and a plain edge (as MAH B1), solidus of 4.28 g and ounce of 25.72 g. SOL / I I I, engraved in outline. Rev. Plain. Bendall 162. MAH 283. An attractive piece with a fine light olive green patina. Extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 4th-5th century. Solidus weight (?) or dedicatory placquette (Bronze, inlaid with silver, 15x14x2mm, 4.02 g), square, with a flat top and bottom, and a plain edge (as MAH B1). SECV / NDI, inlaid in silver. Rev. VL, inlaid in silver. Bendall 170. MAH 413. A fascinating epigraphic curiosity. Rough green and red patina with some corrosion, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, ex Simmons & Simmons MB 57, 8 December 2011, 505.
Whether this is actually a weight or dedicatory plaque (see Bendall p. 56) is debatable. If it were a solidus weight it is certainly rather light (and the two cited above are 3.32 and 4.10 respectively).


Western Mediterranean / North African Area. Circa 7th-9th centuries, possibly Carolingian. Weight of half a libra or 6 ounces (Bronze, inlaid with silver, 44x10mm, 155.48 g), a thick, circular commercial-weight, with a slightly convex obverse, a deeply concave reverse, centering holes on both sides and a plain edge (as MAH A1), ounce of 25.91 g, solidus of 4.31 g. Within an outer engraved circle (once filled with silver?), +VITALIS SCVTARIO (engraved and silver filled), and an inner silver-filled engraved circle; at the center, deep centering hole within a deep engraved circle (once filled with silver?). Rev. Plain but with a broad hollowed out center covered with adjustment scratches. No truly similar weights have been found, but the hollowed reverse is quite close in appearance to many commercial weights of this period or slightly later. A very rare and intriguing weight. Dark patina with pitting and, on the reverse, many adjustment scratches, otherwise, very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.
The closest parallel to this weight, and the following one, are the famous weights inscribed +CAROLI PONDVS, which were produced under Charlemagne during a short-lived attempt at a return to a regular system of weights and measures c. 800. The inscription on the present weight seems to give the name of the authorizing official, Vitalis 'the shield-maker', or 'the shield-bearing guard', rather than an indication of the actual weight. Another weight, which almost certainly must be contemporary to this one, is the piece in the name of John Elias in the following lot.


Western Mediterranean / North African Area. Circa 7th-9th centuries, possibly Carolingian. Weight of one ounce (or gaming piece?), inlaid with silver (Bronze, inlaid with silver, 21x6mm, 24.24 g), a thick, circular commercial-weight with centering holes on both sides, a slightly convex top and a plain edge (as MAH A1), ounce of 24.24 g. +IOHSELIADI, deeply engraved and inlaid with silver; at the center, centering hole within a circular incuse area. Rev. Plain, but with barely visible remains of an circular incuse border. No parallel found. A most curious item. The technique is definitely late Roman-early Byzantine in flavor: and the circular legend begun by a cross is very Western. Dark patina with some encrustations as found, otherwise, very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.
The only weight known to the cataloguer that is similar to the present example is the one that appears in the previous lot, and those cited in the notes to that piece.


First half of the 7th century. Weight for a semissis (?) (Glass, 19mm, 1.96 g), a pale green coin-weight, Timotheos. Cruciform monogram, which can be resolved to read: Τ-Ι-Μ-Ο-Θ-Ε-Ο-Υ (the Ο read twice). Rev. Plain. Bendall 205. CPAI 3, 2, 729. Gorny & Mosch 216, 2013, 3570. A pleasant, clear example with slightly eroded surfaces. Nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 18-nomismata (Brass inlaid with silver, 34x34x7mm, 78.82 g), a thick, square coin-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), nomisma of 4.37 g. Within a laurel wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a circle at the top, ΝΙΗ below a Latin cross; at each corner, angle; all design elements inlaid with silver. Rev. Plain. Bendall 88 (surely made in the same workshop). Cf. MAH 52. Somewhat scraped and with a variegated green patina. Very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 6-nomismata (Bronze, 22x21x5mm, 25.45 g), a thick, square coin-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), nomisma of 4.24 g. NS below Greek cross. Rev. Plain. MAH 164. More-or-less as found, with lightly rough surfaces and earthen highlights in the engraving. Nearly very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 5th-7th century. Weight of 5-nomismata (Brass, 20x20x4mm, 21.84 g), a thick, square coin-weight with deeply grooved edges (as MAH B9), nomisma of 4.36 g. Long Latin cross, on a plain base on a low mound, between Ν° ∍ ; all underneath an arch supported by two columns with, above, ΘΥ ΧΑΡΙC. Rev. Plain. Cf. MAH 245 (4 nomismata with the arch but without the inscription above). A lovely sharp weight with a golden patina and carefully engraved decoration. Extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 5th-7th century. Weight of 5-nomismata (Brass inlaid with silver, 19x19x4mm, 20.95 g), a thick, square coin-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), nomisma of 4.19 g. Six-pointed star above Ν Ε, all inlaid in silver. Rev. Plain. Cf. MAH 192 (a 6-nomismata weight with a star), and Kürkman 50 (a 1-ounkion square weight with supposedly a Christogram at its center, though this seems a misreading). A clear piece, and most unusual with the star in place of a cross. Rather rough surfaces with a dark, golden-brown toning. Very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.
The star above the weight letters on this piece is apparently quite uncommon: normally there is either a Latin or a Greek cross. This star could be a version of the Constantinian chi-rho monogram, but it might also be a more neutral, non-religious symbol.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 1-libra or 72-nomismata (solidi) (Brass, once inlaid with silver, c. 58x11mm, 320.35 g), a thick, octagonal coin- and commercial-weight with plain edges (as MAH C1), libra of 320.35 g, nomisma of 4.45 g. Within a hatched ribbon border with a circle in each angle, a Latin cross on a triangular base, and with a Within at the top and at the end of each arm; when viewed with the base at the bottom, the letters on the cross are upside down and the weight letters ??Α are to left and right; if the cross is turned upside down, the letters on the cross read Ν-Ο-Β (=nomismata 72). Rev. Plain. An apparently unknown and particularly interesting type, thus of great rarity. A fascinating weight with a gold-brown patina. Good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.
Octagonal weights were themselves quite rarely made, and it seems that no other exist of a denomination higher than 3 ounces (or 18 solidi). In addition, weights bearing an indication of both their commercial weight and the relevant number of solidi/nomisma are extremely unusual. This piece is, thus, exceptional in every way.


Circa 4th-6th century. Weight of 7-nomismata (Brass inlaid with silver, 29x4mm, 30.19 g), an octangular coin-weight with plain edges (MAH C1), nomisma of 4.31 g. Ν Ζ, inlaid in silver. Rev. Plain. CPAI 3, 2, 207 (for the denomination), 198-200 (for the shape). MAH 148 (for the denomination), 145, 154 (for the shape). An uncommon denomination. With many old scratches and some deep cuts on the reverse, otherwise, about very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 4th-6th century. Weight of 6-nomismata (Brass inlaid with silver, mostly missing, 26x4mm, 25.93 g), an octangular coin-weight with plain edges (as MAH C1), nomisma of 4.32 g. Ν° S with cross above; all within an octagonal wreath-like border; remains of inlay within the cross and the letters. Rev. Plain. Bendall 44 = MAH 154. A clear and attractive piece with a smooth, olive-green patina. Some encrustations on the reverse, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 36-nomismata (Brass, 48x19mm, 161.24 g), a discoid coin-weight with recessed top and bottom, centering holes and a prominent, bulging edge between two grooves (as MAH A23), nomisma of 4.47 g. N° Λ S around centering hole within a shallow depression; below, cross. Rev. Plain, but for centering hole within a shallow depression. Cf. MAH 30. A large and impressive piece with a dark patina. Some encrustations on the top and some scratches on the bottom, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 18-nomismata (Brass, 39x7mm, 79.84 g), a discoid coin-weight with a flat top encircled by a groove, a plain edge with two grooves (cf. MAH A8), and a centering hole on the top, nomisma of 4.43 g. N° - IH. Rev. Plain. Cf. CPAI 3, 2, 545. Black surfaces, with some old scratches. About very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 12-nomismata (Brass, 33x8mm, 53.73 g), a discoid coin-weight with recessed top and bottom, centering holes and an edge between two grooves (as MAH A23), nomisma of 4.47 g. Ν - ΙΒ with punctate scrolls above and below. Rev. Plain, save for the centering hole. CPAI 3, 2, 546. Cf. MAH 114. An elegant weight with a dark grey-green patina. Extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 5-nomismata (Brass inlaid with silver, 26x5mm, 22.09 g), a discoid coin-weight with recessed top and bottom, centering holes and a plain edge between two grooves (as MAH A27), nomisma of 4.41 g. Ν - Ε with scroll ornaments above and below; the letters inlaid with silver. Rev. Plain. Cf. CPAI 3, 2, 558. Clear and attractive, with a dark patina. Good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 4-nomismata (Brass, 28x4mm, 17.37 g), a discoid coin-weight with recessed top and bottom, centering holes and a plain edge between two grooves (as MAH A23), nomisma of 4.34 g. Ν - Δ with cross above; all within two concenctric circular borders; central hole surrounded by two concentric circles. Rev. Plain but with two concentric circles within the outer rim and with the centering hole within four concentric circles. Cf. Bendall 129 and 131. An unusually made weight with a dark green patina. Some scratches and marks, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 3rd-5th century. Three-ounkia weight (Bronze, 26x21mm, 81.28 g), a commercial-weight in the form of a flattened sphere of doubly truncated form, with a centering point on the top and the bottom; edge as MAH A39, ounkion of 27.09 g. Engraved on the top with and Γ; originally silver-inlaid but inlay missing. Rev. Plain. CPAI T 3, Pera 2, 15. Surfaces encrusted as found. Extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 3rd-5th century. Weight of 2-ounkia (Bronze, 21x16mm, 52.60 g), a commercial-weight in the form of a flattened sphere of doubly truncated form, with a centering point on the top and the bottom; edge as MAH A 39, ounkion of 26.30 g. Engraved on the top with and Β; silver-inlaid letters (some of the Β missing); around the circumference: Μ-Ο-Ν, engraved and silver-inlaid. Rev. Plain. CPAI T 1, 46 (same weight but lacking the outer inscription). CPAI T 3, Pera 2, 25-26 (same weight but lacking the outer inscription). Brownish-golden surfaces, with some abbrasions. Good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 4th-6th centuries. Weight of 1 Ounce (Bronze, inlaid with silver, 21x21x6mm, 25.45 g), a thick, square-commercial weight with a flat top and bottom; their sides beveled and the edge flat (as MAH B3), ounce of 25.45 g. [ΟΥ]Α; above, +; to left and right, :; below, .. d; each corner with inlaid angle. Rev. Plain. Bendall 77. Cf. CNG E-sale 229, 10 March 2010, 456 (a 12 grammata weight from the same atelier). Cf. MAH 63 (for the shape). An attractive piece with a hard, glossy, dark-green patina. Some inlays missing, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa late 4th-5th century. Weight of 3-ounkia (Brass, with inlays of silver, 31x31x9mm, 78.67 g), a thick, square 'Imperial' commercial-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 26.22 g. Two draped and helmeted emperors seated facing, each holding a long cross or spear in his right hand; above between their heads, Victory facing: faces of the emperors and of Victory, hands and left legs of the emperors inlaid in silver, parts of the emperors' drapery inlaid in copper; at the center below, Γ° - Γ (inlaid in silver but barely visible). Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 69 (2 ounkia) but without the distyle frame. A piece of great interest. Dark patina, but the surfaces very rough and the design obscure, otherwise, about very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa late 4th-5th century. Weight of 1-ounkion (Bronze or brass with silver inlay, 23x22x5mm, 27.02 g), a thick, square, 'Imperial' commercial- weight with slightly bifacial edges (as MAH B3), ounce of 27.02 g. Half-length busts of two facing crowned and draped imperial figures on ground line; below, Γ° - Α between two inscribed circles; faces and letters inlaid with silver. Rev. Plain. Bendall 75. Cf. Hendin 408 (12 scripula or 1/2 ounkion). Cf. MAH 173. Attractive and clear with glossy obverse surfaces and patina. Some fine scratches on the obverse, otherwise, extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired in London.


Circa late 4th-5th century. Weight of 6-grammata = 1-sicilicus = 1 1/2-nomismata (Brass with silver (and copper?) inlays, 17x16x2mm, 6.70 g), a thin, square, 'Imperial' commercial (or coin?)-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), nomisma of 4.46 g. Half-length busts of two facing crowned and draped imperial figures on ground line; below, S; faces and letter inlaid with silver; drapery inlaid with copper (?). Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 106. Rough surfaces with a dark green and red patina. Inlays from emperors' bodies lost, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa latest 4th-5th century. Weight of 12-grammata = 1/2-ounkia (Bronze or brass, 16x13x7mm, 13.43 g), a thick, rectangular 'Imperial(?)' commercial-weight with lightly beveled edges (as MAH B3), nomisma of 4.46 g. Two half length laureate and draped male imperial busts facing each other; the one at the right very possibly bearded; both busts completely incuse. Rev. I B. Cf. Bendall 80-81. Powerful and attractive with a deep dark green patina. About extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from the Simmons Gallery in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 6-grammata = 1-sicilicus = 1 1/2-nomismata (Bronze or brass, 14x13x3mm, 6.72 g), a thin, square 'Imperial' commercial (or coin?)-weight with bifacial edges (as MAH B4), nomisma of 4.48 g. Half-length engraved busts of two facing crowned and draped imperial figures; below, S. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 106-108. Powerful albeit rudely engraved figures, highlighted with earth. Fine, dark green patina. Nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 5th-7th century. Weight of 6-ounkia (Brass, with inlays of silver, niello and copper, 41x41x9mm, 157.35 g), a thick, square commercial-weight with two deep grooves on the edges (similar to MAH B14), ounce of 26.22 g. Square monogram above Γ° - S; all within a curved arch supported by two columns with elaborate capitals; above, in each corner, cross. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 54 (similar column capitals). Cf. MAH 18. Golden-brown surfaces with inlays in red and black. Old traces of wear and scratches, otherwise, very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 3-ounkia (Brass, with inlays of silver, 29x30x9mm, 73.18 g), a thick, square commercial-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 24.39 g. Long Latin cross, on low mound, between Γ° - Γ; all under an ornamental curved arch supported by two columns with plain capitals. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 73 (two ounces). Cf. MAH 62. Dark golden brown patina with red and green patina and preserved silver. Good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 2-ounkia (Bronze with silver inlay, 31x31x5mm, 51.58 g), a square commercial-weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 25.79 g. Latin cross above Γ° - Β; all under an ornamental curved arch supported by two columns resting on a high base: the cross and letters inlaid with silver, the rest just engraved. Rev. Plain. CPAI 3,2, 92. Attractive apple green patina. Nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 1-ounkion (Bronze, possibly once inlaid with silver, 21x20x6mm, 26.77 g), a square commercial- weight with two deeply indented grooves on the edge (as MAH B9), ounce of 26.77 g. Latin cross above Γ° - Α; all under a flat pediment supported by two columns: the cross, letters, column bases and capitals perhaps once inlaid with silver, the rest just engraved. Rev. Plain. Cf. MAH 205 (for the general design). Of very simple workmanship. Very dark green patina with some earth adhering, especially in the edge grooves, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired in Paris.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 1-libra (Brass, probably once inlaid with silver, 57x56x10mm, 307.25 g), a thick, square commercial- weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), libra of 307.25 g. Latin cross between ?? and Α (with pellets at the ends of the arms of the cross and of the letters); above, to left and right, engraved circle with pellets around a central hole. Rev. Plain. MAH 1 (3 libra, but from either the same or a closely related workshop). A very interesting and rare type. Dark patina. Very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 6-ounkia (Brass, with traces of silver inlay, 43x41x9mm, 159.53 g), a thick, square commercial- weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 26.58 g. Long Latin cross between Γ° - S; all within a wreath of laurel, with an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180°, and 270°, itself within a scalloped border; in the upper left and right corners, floral ornament. Rev. Plain. CPAI 3, 2, 71. MAH 9. Gold-brown toning. Minor pitting overall, and adjustment scratches on the edges and back, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, ex Classical Numismatic Group MBS 79, 17 September 2008, 1263.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 6-ounkia (Brass, with traces of silver inlay, 47x45x7mm, 152.22 g), a thick, square commercial- weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 25.37 g. Latin cross between Γ° - S; all within a wreath of laurel, with an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180°, and 270°. Rev. Plain. Cf. MAH 9 (but all the similar examples found have longer Latin crosses, an outer scalloped border to the wreath, and floral ornaments in the upper corners of the square). A particularly attractive example with an attractive dark green patina. Extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 3-ounkia (Brass, with traces of silver inlay, 37x36x5mm, 80.80 g), a thick, square commercial- weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 26.90 g. Long Latin cross between Γ° - Γ; all within a wreath of laurel, with an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180°, and 270°, itself within a scalloped border. Rev. Plain. MAH 42, 44, 53 ff. Dark golden brown surfaces with the traces of silver inlay dark green. Clear and bold. Some adjustment marks on the back and on the edges, otherwise, extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 3-ounkia (Brass, with traces of silver inlay, 31x31x9mm, 79.96 g), a very thick, square commercial- weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 26.65 g. Long Latin cross between Γ° - Γ; all within a wreath of laurel, with an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180°, and 270°, itself within a scalloped border. Rev. Plain. MAH 49. Dark green patina as found. Extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.
Note that this is much thicker, and thus smaller, than the preceding lot, even though they basically weigh the same.


Circa 5th-6th century. Weight of 1-ounkion (Brass, with traces of silver inlay, 23x22x6mm, 26.84 g), a thick, square commercial- weight with plain edges (as MAH B1), ounce of 26.84 g. Long Latin cross between Γ° - Α; all within a wreath of laurel, with an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180°, and 270°, itself within a scalloped border; in the four corners, floral ornament. Rev. Plain. MAH 162, 166. Dark green- brown-red surfaces with some gold show-through. Good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 7th century. Weight of 3-libra (Brass, 84x23mm, 979 g), a very thick, discoid commercial-weight with a quadruple grooved edge (as MAH A12) and a recessed, flat top and bottom; centering hole on both sides, libra of 326.33 g. [ΛΙ] (the Ι curved) Γ; above, cross potent between two doves; all within a wreath with ties at the bottom; around, a low raised circular border and a high rim. Rev. Plain surface within a low raised circular border and a high rim. Cf. MAH 1 (a square 3 pound weight). Cf. CPAI 3, 2, 162 (for the edge). A piece of great rarity. Dark, olive green-gold surfaces with minor encrustations. Adjustment marks and old scratches, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from a private collection in London.
Of exceptional interest, large weights like this are very rare; this is probably because they must have been very difficult to lose (as compared to all smaller weights) and were worth enough in their metal value that they would be melted down and reused for other things once they became obsolete. Bendall (p. 7) suggests that the libra weights with a curved iota in the ΛΙ monogram are earlier; however, Campagnolo and Weber (p. 35) suggest that they are later. In fact, the more cursive form does suggest a later date (in this case the 7th century rather than in the 5th or 6th).


Circa 7th century. Weight of 6-ounkia (Brass, inlaid with silver, 49x10mm, 156.30 g), a thick, discoid commercial-weight with a double grooved edge (as MAH A20) and a recessed, flat top and bottom; centering hole on both sides, ounce of 26.05 g. Γ°- S; above, square monogram of ΙΟΑΝΙS between two doves; below, bunch of grapes; around, a low raised circular border and a high rim. Rev. Plain surface within a low raised circular border and a high rim. Cf. the previous lot for another weight with similar doves on the obverse. A very rare piece with this type of decoration. With remains of considerable amounts of encrustations, some pitting and with most of the silver inlays lost, otherwise, nearly very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 1-libra (Brass, once inlaid with silver, 57x15mm, 330.21 g), a thick discoid commercial-weight with two small grooves on the edge (as MAH A 13); a flat recessed bottom with no visible centering hole and a wide raised rim; and a flat recessed top with a raised rim and a very small centering hole, libra of 330.21 g. Within a double wreath divided into four quarters by an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180° and 270°, Latin cross above ??Α. Rev. Plain. MAH 2. A very solid and impressive weight, with a dark green and red patina. Some encrustation on the edge and on the bottom (probably obscuring the centering hole), otherwise, extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 1-libra (Brass, probably once inlaid with silver, 56x16mm, 328.02 g), a thick discoid commercial- weight with two grooves on the edge (as MAH A 17); a flat recessed bottom with no visible centering hole and a raised rim; and a flat recessed top with a raised rim and a very small centering hole, libra of 328.02 g. Within a double wreath divided into four quarters by an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180° and 270°, Latin cross above ??Α. Rev. Plain. MAH 2 var. A solid and very well engraved weight, with a particularly sharp design. Very attractive dark green patina. Encrustations on the reverse (perhaps added lead?), otherwise, extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from Baldwin's in London.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 6-ounkia (Brass, probably once inlaid with silver, 49x12mm, 160.90 g), a thick discoid commercial-weight with two small grooves on the edge (as MAH A 37); with a flat, recessed bottom with a large centering hole and a wide, raised rim; and a flat recessed top with a large centering hole and an outer raised rim, Ounce of 26.81 g. Within a double wreath divided into four quarters by an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180° and 270°, Latin cross above Γ° - S; below weight letters, floral ornament. Rev. Plain. Bendall 115. Cf. MAH 22. Dark patina. Some minor bangs and marks, otherwise, very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 5th/6th-7th century. Weight of 2-ounkia (Brass, inlaid with silver, 35x5mm, 54.10 g), a discoid commercial-weight with a plain profile (as MAH A 1), no rims and no visible centering holes, ounce of 27.05 g. Within a wreath, Latin cross between Γ°- Β. Rev. Plain. CPAI 3, 2, 178. Kürkman 56. MAH 113. Dark green patina with earthen deposits. Bottom with some deep adjustment marks, otherwise, very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 6th-7th century. Weight of 1-ounkion (Brass, 25x6mm, 26.57 g), a discoid commercial-weight with two small grooves on the edge (as MAH A 25); with a flat bottom and a flat recessed top with an outer raised rim and a small centering hole, ounce of 26.57 g. Within a wreath divided into four quarters by an annulet at 0°, 90°, 180° and 270°, Latin cross above Γ° - Α. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 124. Cf. CPAI 3, 2, 187. MAH 191. Dark green-black patina with some golden brass show-through. Numerous adjustment mark (?) scratches on the bottom, otherwise, good very fine.

From the Eparch Collection.


Circa 7th century or later, c, 10th-13th century. Weight of 1-libra (Brass, 68x16mm, 319.28 g), a thick discoid commercial-weight with two small grooves on the edge (as MAH A 20); a flat recessed bottom with a small centering hole and a wide raised rim; and a flat recessed top with an outer raised rim, an inner raised circle and a prominent, raised, centering boss, libra of 319.28 g. Within the inner circle, [ΛΙ] (the Ι curved) Α, with cross between pellets above; in the outer circle, wreath with an inscription in a cruciform arrangement: Θ+∍-ΟV-ΧΑ-ΡΙC. Rev. Plain. Bendall 111 (very similar but much more crudely done). Kürkman p. 44. A solid and impressive piece with a dark green and gold patina. Pockmarks on the reverse and some very heavy slashes on the rim (but with no affect on the top design), otherwise, about extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired from the Simmons Gallery in London.
The edge damage looks as if it was done in relatively modern times, probably by a finder who had tested the edge in the hope that it was made from gold! This type of weight, with the two raised concentric circles and the central lifting boss, is generally placed (by Tekin and Campagnolo, for example) in the 7th century; however, M. A. Eser, who wrote the section on Byzantine weights in Kürkman, suggests that these weights should be dated to the 10th-13th centuries. In some ways this would make sense since we, otherwise, basically have no weights of any kind for several centuries, despite the fact that they must have been used! Some stylistic evidence for this later date comes from the 2 ounkia piece from the Kircher collection (Spink Taisei/Numismatica Ars Classica 52, 1, 26 October 1994, 790), which has a floriated cross on the reverse, a type that appears much later than the 7th century. However, Bendall 122 provides us with a problem for this late dating, since it apparently is inscribed on its reverse with an inscription in the name of Caliph Al-Walid I (705-715): Assuming that inscription is genuine, these weights have to be of the early 8th century.


Circa 7th century or later, c, 10th-13th century. Weight of 6-ounkia (Brass, 47x12mm, 163.62 g), a thick discoid commercial- weight with two small grooves on the edge (as MAH A 20); a flat recessed bottom with a small, slightly raised, centering hole and a wide raised rim; and a flat recessed top with an outer raised rim, an inner raised circle and a prominent, raised, centering boss, ounce of 27.27g. Within the inner circle, Γ° - S, with cross between pellets above; in the outer circle, wreath with an inscription in a cruciform arrangement: Θ+∍-ΟV-ΧΑ-ΡΙC. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 111. Cf. CPAI 3, 2, 163 (very similar, perhaps from the same workshop). A solid and attractive piece with a gold-brown patina. Some casting holes, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired with lot 359.
For the controversy over the date of this weight type, see the note to lot 357.


Circa 7th century or later, c, 10th-13th century. Weight of 3-ounkia (Brass, 39x8mm, 80.42 g), a thick discoid commercial- weight with two small grooves on the edge (as MAH A 13); it has a flat, plain bottom, and a flat recessed top with an outer raised rim, an inner raised circle and a prominent, raised, centering boss, ounce of 26.80 g. Within the inner circle, Γ° - S, with cross potent above; in the outer circle, engrailed border with dots inside and outside the curves. Rev. Plain. Cf. Bendall 122 (a very similar weight that was reworked on the reverse in 705-715). CPAI 3,2, 171. MAH 60 (but cruder). Rough, green patina. Very fine.

From the Eparch Collection, acquired with lot 358.
For the controversy over the date of these weights, see the note to lot 357 above.





Theodosius I, with Arcadius and Honorius, Æ Exagium Solidi Weight. Constantinople, AD 393-395. Iohannes, comes sacrarum largitionum. DDD NNN AAAVVVGGG, diademed and draped facing busts of Honorius, Theodosius, and Arcadius; cross above / EXAG SOL SVB V INL IOhANNI COm S L, Moneta standing left, holding scales and cornucopia; star to right; CONS in exergue. Bendall, Weights 10; Sabatier 9; Geneva 279. 4.33g, 19mm, 6h. Extremely Fine. Very Rare. The reverse legend is abbreviated from 'exagium solidi sub Viro inlustri Johanni Comite sacrarum largitionum', (test weight of a solidus under the illustrious John, the Minister of Finance).


Two-pound weight belonging to Megas, Count of Sacred Largesses.


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